Inventing Atmospheric Science : Bjerknes, Rossby, Wexler, and the Foundations of Modern Meteorology

Inventing Atmospheric Science : Bjerknes, Rossby, Wexler, and the Foundations of Modern Meteorology

Details

Author(s)
James Rodger Fleming
Format
Hardback | 306 pages
Dimensions
152 x 229 x 22mm | 544.31g
Publication date
01 Dec 2016
Publisher
MIT Press Ltd
Imprint
MIT Press
Publication City/Country
Cambridge, Mass., United States
Language
English
Illustrations note
35 b&w photos; 70 Illustrations, unspecified
ISBN10
0262033941
ISBN13
9780262033947
Bestsellers rank
910,636

Description

How scientists used transformative new technologies to understand the complexities of weather and the atmosphere, told through the intertwined careers of three key figures.

"The goal of meteorology is to portray everything atmospheric, everywhere, always," declared John Bellamy and Harry Wexler in 1960, soon after the successful launch of TIROS 1, the first weather satellite. Throughout the twentieth century, meteorological researchers have had global ambitions, incorporating technological advances into their scientific study as they worked to link theory with practice. Wireless telegraphy, radio, aviation, nuclear tracers, rockets, digital computers, and Earth-orbiting satellites opened up entirely new research horizons for meteorologists. In this book, James Fleming charts the emergence of the interdisciplinary field of atmospheric science through the lives and careers of three key figures: Vilhelm Bjerknes (1862-1951), Carl-Gustaf Rossby (1898-1957), and Harry Wexler (1911-1962).

In the early twentieth century, Bjerknes worked to put meteorology on solid observational and theoretical foundations. His younger colleague, the innovative and influential Rossby, built the first graduate program in meteorology (at MIT), trained aviation cadets during World War II, and was a pioneer in numerical weather prediction and atmospheric chemistry. Wexler, one of Rossby's best students, became head of research at the U.S. Weather Bureau, where he developed new technologies from radar and rockets to computers and satellites, conducted research on the Antarctic ice sheet, and established carbon dioxide measurements at the Mauna Loa Observatory in Hawaii. He was also the first meteorologist to fly into a hurricane-an experience he chose never to repeat.

Fleming maps both the ambitions of an evolving field and the constraints that checked them-war, bureaucracy, economic downturns, and, most important, the ultimate realization (prompted by the formulation of chaos theory in the 1960s by Edward Lorenz) that perfectly accurate measurements and forecasts would never be possible.


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